【寒假最強書單】《飢餓遊戲》:生死邊緣的愛恨抉擇

21世紀英文報21ST2018-04-22 10:04:36

經常有人問:怎樣才能成為一枚有追求、有文化、有知識、有B格的四有騷年?答:諸君,去讀書吧!是的,假日屬於書,那些躍動着的文字,讓你如沐春風。這個假日,世紀君就奉上一份“寒假最強書單”。為何“最強”?因為世紀君:綜合了英國教育部考試委員會、作家JK Rowling、Philip Pullman以及英國《衞報》、美國《紐約時報》等多家國際媒體開出的青少年書單;參考了香港教育圖書公司、《澳門日報》、台灣國立圖書館所列的青少年必讀書目;邀請了曾在北外任教、與世紀君共事多年的英國文學博士Paul Brennan先生,一起精選出這十本書。每日一讀,如抱暖陽。


今天,讓我們翻開《》,看處於生死邊緣的年輕鬥士面對人性和生命如何抉擇。


因詹妮弗•勞倫斯(Jennifer Lawrence)主演的同名電影大熱,暢銷小説《飢餓遊戲》從此進入中國讀者的視野。美國作家蘇珊•柯林斯(Suzanne Collins)在2008至2010年間創作的這三部系列小説,不僅構思精妙、情節懸疑,而且極富現實社會的象徵意義。


未來的世界,在北美的一個國家Panem,獨裁政權Capitol統治十二個貧窮的行政區。每年,十二個區都被迫向Capitol送去少男少女各一名作為“貢品”,參加電視直播的“飢餓遊戲”。這項“遊戲”野蠻而殘暴:所有的貢品被迫互相殘殺,最後的倖存者就是終極獲勝者。對於Capitol的統治階層,這是年度盛會;對於十二區人民,則是羞辱和折磨。Capitol意圖通過這一殘酷的生死遊戲,威脅並告誡國民順從其高壓統治。


The Hunger Games books (2008-2010) by US author Suzanne Collins are set in a North American future which is very similar to the real North American present in some ways. In this world, the US is no more. In the new nation, “Panem”, a Capitol rules over 12 other districts. Life in the districts is hungry and always a struggle, completely different to the wealth enjoyed by the people of the Capitol.


The Capitol holds an annual (一年一度的) “Hunger Games”. The games are a combination of ancient Roman gladiatorial (角鬥的) contests and modern reality TV shows. The players are young people from the districts. As in the ancient games, these modern gladiators fight battles to the death with each other. And as in our own reality TV shows, the whole “entertainment” is filmed live for a TV audience.


Although the Hunger Games are entertainment for the Capitol, they are punishment for the districts for a rebellion (叛亂) that failed. But over the course of the books we see how that rebellion is inspired again by a heroic new player, who turns the tables on the tyrants (暴君) in power.


柯林斯的三部曲始終維持一致的基本架構:從類似古羅馬格鬥競技的“飢餓遊戲”,引發反叛,繼而戰爭,但每一部都有意想不到的結局。第一部小説從第七十四屆“飢餓遊戲”開始。 抽籤日那天,16歲倔強女孩(Katniss Everdeen)的人生從此徹底改變。雖然被迫投入飢餓遊戲,她卻拒絕向遊戲規則屈服。然而,遊戲真假莫辨,凱特尼斯會面臨怎樣的困難抉擇?而她的抗爭又會給自己甚至十二區人民帶來什麼?


She is a teenager called Katniss Everdeen, from District 12. She is an alert (警覺的), brave and intelligent young person. She becomes a contestant in the 74th Hunger Games, as does Peeta Mellark, a boy from the same place who has a crush on Katniss.


The first book follows these two as they fight their way through the early rounds, rounds which involve young people having to fight each other to the death. Katniss and Peeta both do well, proving themselves to be better fighters than the others. A rule change in the competition then allows contestants to team up, and from then on Katniss and Peeta fight together. As they beat all comers, they believe that they have survived the challenge of the Hunger Games. But another rule change forces them to fight against each other. Katniss and Peeta manage to foil (挫敗) this by planning a suicide pact (自殺協議), giving the authorities no choice but to allow them to live.


But Katniss and Peeta prove to be more than a hit with TV viewers. They bring back the spirit of rebellion in the Districts. The other books in the series tell the tale of this revolution against the Capitol and the increasingly important roles the central characters of Katniss and Peeta play in it.


不管是電影還是書籍,都有意無意地影射着現實世界的各種社會問題。比如等級觀念、貧富差距等現象:屬於統治階級的富人生活奢靡,而被統治階級的窮人則掙扎在生死邊緣。而從“贊助商贊助”到觀眾的熱烈追捧再到那種“娛樂至死”的精神,“飢餓遊戲”本身又何嘗不是對當今娛樂真人秀節目一種諷刺和反思?


The Hunger Games books get their power from speaking indirectly about our own world. The novels speak to young American readers because of a growing sense of inequality in US society and the fear among the young that their futures will be a struggle. But the stories may well be relevant for a wider audience than just North America.


一起來欣賞《飢餓遊戲3:嘲笑鳥(上)》的精彩特輯吧!


世紀君提示:建議在Wifi環境中觀看,土豪請無視……


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